Darby on Romans 5:1-11 – The Result and Effect of Grace in our present Standing under that Grace

Baptism with the Holy Spirit was one of the two great acts ascribed to the Lord in John 1. It is consequent on the value and efficacy of His blood, that the sins of those who believe are put away. In the Old Testament, the leper was washed with water, sprinkled with blood, then anointed with oil. We are washed with the word, sprinkled with Christ’s blood, then anointed with the Holy Spirit. That is not being ‘born again’: new birth applies to the Holy Spirit’s work in unbelievers: it is after we believe that we are sealed.

Rome

 

We are brought to the separation of our hearts from the world, and a clearer consciousness of what God is as we pass through the world. We hope, and we are weaned from the world which tends to shut Christ glorified out of sight. Our hope is clearer. Though we may have tribulations, we have both the key and the power to bear them.   In grace, as God does not withdraw His eyes from the righteous, He watches over us in blessing, making everything work together for our good. The love of God [what He is in His nature] is shed abroad in our hearts. (v.5)   It is God’s love, known by the Holy Spirit’s presence, bringing in what God is in His nature to our hearts.

Baptism with the Holy Spirit was one of the two great acts ascribed to the Lord in John 1. It is consequent on the value and efficacy of His blood, that the sins of those who believe are put away. In the Old Testament, the leper was washed with water, sprinkled with blood, then anointed with oil. We are washed with the word, sprinkled with Christ’s blood, then anointed with the Holy Spirit. That is not being ‘born again’: new birth applies to the Holy Spirit’s work in unbelievers: it is after we believe that we are sealed.

This has practical importance. We are accepted, forgiven and sealed. God’s perfect love to us when we were sinners, is not a matter of experience. Being accepted, we are sealed. Experience has its place, and some Christians would even oblige souls to have the experience of Romans 7, in order for the salvation of Romans 5 to be true.

While we enjoy God’s sovereign, causeless love by the indwelling Holy Spirit, the knowledge and proof of that love is in a work outside and independent of us. ‘For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly’ and, God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us’ (Rom 5:6,8) – such was our state.

The Holy Spirit reveals the truth; he does not reason it. be. Man is always reasoning naturally, with a vague thought of mercy. Even when repentant he carries on reasoning till he has really met God, and known His grace. (The prodigal talked of being made a hired servant before he met his father.) The Holy Spirit makes us see clearly that we are lost, but then we reason about God, and what He has done for us. Whilst this is going on, we are still in a legal state. When we reason naturally there is either carelessness and self-delusion, or a mixture of law and grace. With the Holy Spirit, there is no mixture: just clear condemnation on the ground of responsibility, or salvation and blessing on the ground of grace.

Hence we have hope. ‘And hope maketh not ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us’ (v.5). Then we reason from the starting point of divine grace –

  • We glory in God Himself
  • We are reconciled
  • We rejoice in salvation and in the God who has made Himself known through it
  • We learn to joy in God.

This closes the first part of the epistle. Justified, having glory in hope, and joy in Him whom we have known through this great salvation.

A simplified summary of part of the introduction to John Nelson Darby’s  Exposition of the Epistle to the Romans

The Love of God 1 John 4:9 
by J. N. Darby

God presents what He is to men, so we know that He is holy, righteous and love. He is love, and love draws me. Love is the divine nature.

I need to be separate from evil: “Without holiness no man shall see the Lord.” (Heb 12:14). It is not said, ‘He is holiness’. Indeed I as a sinner would be repelled by mere holiness. He is holy. He is just, and He is of purer eyes than to behold iniquity. (Hab 1:13) He may be the God of judgment, but He blesses His own so that they might be eternally happy in holiness, for He is holy love.

A summary by Sosthenes

J N Darby
John Nelson Darby

God presents what He is to men, so we know that He is holy, righteous and love.  He is love, and love draws me.  Love is the divine nature.

I need to be separate from evil:  “Without holiness no man shall see the Lord.” (Heb 12:14).  It is not said, ‘He is holiness’.  Indeed I as a sinner would be repelled by mere holiness.  He is holy. He is just, and He is of purer eyes than to behold iniquity(Hab 1:13)  He may be the God of judgment, but He blesses His own so that they might be eternally happy in holiness, for He is holy love.

Whatever our state may be, God is perfect in His love, and He would make us learn, enjoy and walk in it now, not when we get to heaven.

Our selfish, unbelieving nature hinders us down here, but this only serves to magnify God’s grace and love.  In spite of all, He brings us to the knowledge of perfect love because “Perfect love casteth out fear, for fear hath torment” (v.18).   If, when thinking of God, we fear, we have torment.  That is the conscience.   Man may seek to bury his conscience, but only succeeds in hardening it.

If we seek peace in ordinances, it is not love but fear. The effect of true ministry is to put the soul in direct contact with God.  False ministry brings in something between the soul and God.

The soul must have the blessed consciousness of perfect peace with God.  God brings you into the joy of His perfect love in His presence; “Who shall separate us? … More than conquerors.” (Rom. 8:35)

The family character of the children of God is light and love.  It is God’s nature, and seen in both in Christ and in all God’s children.  I must have the new nature to know this; but how do I get it?  Where is it found?  In Jesus Christ Himself, image of the invisible God. (Col 1:15).   In Christ I find a perfect manifestation of His love. “Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us(v10).

There is no mention of anything required of us, but the simple fact of what we were “dead in trespasses and sins.” (Eph. 2:1)

Though He is a God of judgment, He brought out the means of our approach: through Christ’s sacrifice.  Abel’s faith testified how man was to approach to God, so from Abel downwards God showed mercy.

Man as man refuses to come to God “none righteous.”  (Rom. 3:10) When Christ comes, it is another thing altogether.  God now approaches man in grace; not man approaching God.  He visited men in their sins, “that they might live through him.” (v.9)  All around was darkness, degradation, and idolatry. God took them out of that condition that they might live through Christ. “God has given to us eternal life, and this life is in his Son.”  (1 John 5:10). Thus we are brought into His presence.

We live through His only-begotten Son. He is bringing us into His presence, before the One in whom all His delight was from eternity.  It is the eternal enjoyment of it to know eternal life in the Son; but down here we often question it, because we do not see this love in us. He is “a propitiation for our sins.(1 John 2:2)

God has loved me not only when I wanted it, but because His knew what I wanted.  He has not mistaken my case; Christ on the cross made the propitiation for my sins.  So I can say, “Herein is love.” (v.10)  I have found God, and my soul rests there. The cloud has been taken away for ever. If you say, ‘I have committed such and such a sin’; I answer, ‘It is for the sins you had or still have that Christ died; for He died for your sins.’

He cannot bear sin, and therefore He must put the sinner in his sins away, because He cannot bear the sins.  I learn to judge sin according to God, because I am brought into the light.  I find many sins in myself. He is the propitiation for my sins. I believe this, and then I enter into communion with Him. Why do I find fear and torment when I find sin in myself?   Can I not trust that love?  Have I not believed the love God has towards me?

God does not expect fruit from man, but His grace produces fruit.  We should feel sin, and know it has been blotted out.  We are told that  “The glory thou hast given me I have given them, that the world may know that thou hast loved them as thou hast loved me.” (John 17:24)  “There is no fear in love.” (v.18).   It is a matter of communion and we live through Him. “… Perfect love casteth out fear.”

I am not honouring God, if I do not trust the work of Christ in love on the cross.  I come to Him just as I am, and then I know God.  He enables me to trust in blood of Jesus Christ His Son – the perfectness of His work in putting away sin.

 

How do I find Peace?

How to get Peace

A summary in the same conversational style of John Nelson Darby’s article How to get Peace – click for original.  Collected Writings Volume 10 (Doctrinal 3).  The enquirer is in red; his guide is in green.

peace

The Bible says that Jesus has “made peace by the blood of the cross”, (Col 1:20) but I have not got peace in myself.   How can I have it?  I sometimes think I do not believe at all.   You are happy; how can I be?   A few who enjoy divine favour, but I don’t know how to get it.  I’m distressed; I get on from day to day as other Christians do, but I know that I am not at peace.  That is a serious thing, because it says “being justified by faith, we have peace with God,” (Rom 5:1).   Now, if I have not got peace with God, I am probably not justified either.

 You clearly do not then think it presumptuous to be at peace with God.  But, although you are in earnest, you do not have the true knowledge of justification by faith.  I do not say you are not justified in God’s sight, but in your conscience you do not possess of it.   In God’s sight, whoever believes in the Son of God is justified from all things.   But till he appreciates the value of Christ’s work, he does not have the consciousness of it in his own soul.   Sadly, Christian activity has deteriorated and become a kind of business of getting happy, so souls are not energised in the power of the Spirit.   Therefore they are not at peace.

 If a person is really serious, he cannot rest in spirit until he is at peace with God.   Christ’s work is finished. He “appeared once in the end of the world to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself;” (Heb 9:26)  and He finished the work which his Father gave him to do. (See John 17:4).  His work put away our sin, and is completely and for ever and accepted by God.

I recognise that, but I still sin.  I feel I am in an ungodly state and I should be holy.

Of course you need to be holy, “without holiness no man shall see the Lord.” (Heb 12:14)   But in your instinctive self-righteousness, you turn from Christ’s work to your own holiness.  That is natural.   Some people are indifferent:  they have a false peace.

Are you looking for an improved state of soul to find peace?

 I am indifferent sometimes, and that troubles me.   I have not peace, and I would give anything for it.  Yes, I need a better state of soul.

Then you are on the wrong road.   Christ’s “having made peace” applies to your ungodliness.  Your desire is right, but you are putting the cart before the horse – you are looking for holiness to get Christ, instead of looking to Christ to get holiness.

 Are you lost?

I hope not.  Of course we are lost by nature; but I hope there is a work of grace in me, though I sometimes doubt it.  If I were to stand before God now, where would I be?   I hope everything would be alright.   I believe that there is a work of grace in me, but I cannot think of judgment without fear.

I do not doubt that there is a work of grace in you.  You should have no fear  how you will be judged at the judgment seat of Christ.   What really plagues an upright soul is his actual sins and his sinful nature —  in short,  the discovery of what he is.

Here is the turning-point of our inquiry:  What you need is to be in God’s presence, knowing that you are simply lost!   A sinner cannot subsist before God in judgment.  Nothing can help you.  You don’t need help; you need righteousness, and that you have not got, at lest in your own faith and conscience.

The case of the prodigal son (Luke 15) will illustrate this.  There was a work of God in him; he came to himself, found himself perishing, and set out to return to his father.  He acknowledges his sins, adding “make me as one of thy hired servants.”  That looked good:  there was uprightness, a sense of divine goodness, and a sense of sin, and he was thinking of what he could hope for when returning to his father.  You could call it a humble hope.  But he didn’t really know his father!   It is as if he had never met God, though God had worked in him.   When he did meet his father there is no word of his being like the hired servants.  He confessed his sins, and came in rags (the effect of his sins) to his father.  But the effect was that he met God.  As to his conscience, in his sins, everything was settled; his father fell on his neck — grace reigned — and he was given the best robe.   He had nothing before; he now had the righteousness of God conferred on him..

When in God’s presence, we need Christ, righteousness and justification through Him.  We do not need progress, help or improvement.  The only progress was to bring us into God’s presence.  We find Christ, who bore our sins, to be our perfect, absolute, and eternal righteousness.   And we have peace.

God condemned sin in the flesh, when Christ was made an offering for it (Rom. 8:3).   We are therefore, not “in the flesh,” but “in Christ.”  Instead of Adam and his sins, we have Christ and the value of His work.  Things have been settled once and for all, for ever, on the cross.

How then should I approach God?

Come to God like Abel, with the sacrifice in your hand.   God assesses its value; you will have the testimony that you are righteous: your offering is a witness to that.  Your acceptance before God is according to the value of Christ’s sacrifice in God’s sight.  It has nothing to do with or of any improvement in your state.   You come with your slain lamb – that is Christ.  God looks at that; He does not look at your state, because you are a sinner, and being such, otherwise shut out from God.

But must I not accept Christ?

 You keep saying,  “But must not I?”  I am not surprised; I am not criticising you; it is human nature, but you have to see that in me (that is, in my flesh,) dwelleth no good thing: (Rom 7:18).  The real question is not about accepting Him, but whether God has really presented Christ to you, and you have eternal life in Him.  A simple soul would say, “Accept! I am only too thankful to have Him!” but unfortunately we are not all that simple.   God has done everything for you in grace.   God has been satisfied with the offering.  Aren’t you?

Oh! I see it now. Christ has done the whole work, and God has accepted it, and there can be no more question as to my guilt or righteousness.  He is the righteousness for me before God.  That is wonderful, and yet so simple! But why did I not see it?  How  stupid I have been!

You say you have been stupid.  But what you were looking for? — Christ, or holiness in yourself and a better state of soul?

Holiness and a better state of soul.

No wonder you did not see Christ.  You were not submitting to God’s righteousness.  Instead, in pride, you were seeking to be satisfied with your own state and find peace there.  You were just asking Christ to help you in your own self-righteousness!  Christ has not only borne our sins, He has closed the whole history of the old man in death for those who believe: they having been crucified with Him.   Furthermore, He has glorified God in this work (John 12: 31, 33; 17:4, 5), and so obtained a place of present acceptance for man in the glory of God.   That is our place before God.  We are sanctified, or set apart, to God by His blood.   We possess His life, or have Him as our life, and we have the Holy Spirit.  We are not our own, but bought with a price, and nothing inconsistent with His blood, and the price of it, and the power of it in our hearts, marks us as Christians.

In the Old Testament, when a leper was cleansed, in addition to the sacrifice, the blood was put on the tips of his ear, his thumb, and his great toe.  Every thought and action which cannot pass the test of that blood, is excluded from the Christian’s walk.   So the precious blood, and the love Christ showed in shedding His blood, is the motive, and the Holy Spirit is the power for our walking in devotion, as Christ walked.  If we are in Christ, Christ is in us; and we know it by the Comforter (John 14),  the life of Jesus is to be manifested in our mortal body.

That is a very high standard!

But that is what scripture says, “He that saith he abideth in him ought to . . . walk even as he walked.” (1 John 2:6).   God has Christ as the model.   He is the expression of what is divine in a man.  Otherwise one might say that complete grace and assurance leaves us liberty to do as we like.   If we are completely saved, what is the use of works?   That is a dreadful principle:  it is as if we have no motive but “getting saved”.   Say somebody told us that a man’s children were exempt from obligation because they were his children?  I should say that they were under obligation, because they were his children.

Before we were Christians we were not under the obligation of living as Christians. We were under the obligation to live as men ought to live, according to the law.   Now we are children of God by faith in Christ Jesus.  And our duties are the duties in love of God’s children.   We may fail, but here the advocacy of Christ comes in.   Advocacy is not the means of our obtaining righteousness; Christ’s has already made the propitiation for our sins.   We don’t go to Him in order for Him to advocate, because he will already have interceded for us.   Christ prayed for Peter, even before he had even committed the sin.

Let’s go further.  We know God in love, and are reconciled to Him  We have communion with the Father and with His Son Jesus Christ.

Does that mean we have common thoughts and joys and feelings with the Father and with His Son Jesus Christ?

That is communion.  We have to seek that Christ may dwell in our hearts by faith, being rooted and grounded in love.  (Eph 3:17).  Even though we may be poor feeble creatures, the Holy Spirit dwells in us, so our thoughts, joys and feelings, cannot be discordant with those of the Father and the Son.

All this is new to me; I am brought into such a different world!  If this is true, where are we all?  But there is a passage which I don’t understand. We are told to  ‘Examine yourselves, whether ye be in the faith” (2 Cor 13:5) .  What you have said, it seems to me, sets this aside.

We are told to do no such thing, though many a sincere soul is honestly doing it.  The words are part of a sentence   The sentence starts: “Since ye seek a proof of Christ speaking in me,” . . . then a parenthesis . . . “examine yourselves, whether ye be in the faith.” It is a taunt.   The Corinthians had called in question Christ’s speaking in Paul, and the reality of his apostleship, so he really says “You had better examine yourselves; how did you become Christians?

Now for something else.  We read in 1 John 5:11that God hath given to us eternal life, and this life is in his Son. He that hath the Son hath life.”  Between this life and the flesh there is no common ground.   “The flesh lusts against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh;” (Gal 5:17) – they are totally contrary to one another.  The scripture continues, “But if ye be led of the Spirit, ye are not under the law”.   You had been trying to find signs of life in yourself with only a general apprehension  of the goodness of God, strengthened by the knowledge that Christ died.  It left you with a better hope; at least, when you looked at the cross you saw what you needed as a sinner.   Still you looked for something better in yourself: you could not say you possessed everything you needed in the cross.  You were fearful of judgement because of your state.  You did not really know redemption.  Life is not redemption. Both belong to the believer, but they are different things.   What unites these two truths is in the resurrection of Christ.  We are dead with Him.  Then we are raised, and then quickened.   The full power of life is seen in resurrection.   We do not have just eternal life, but deliverance out of the state we were in, and entrance into another.  The price was in redemption.

Before our conversation, you were redeemed, of course.   And God had wrought in you in grace, but you were looking at this in view of a God of judgment, with glimpses of divine love, but you had not faith in accomplished redemption.

Well, while the old foundation remains, what you have said has put Christianity in quite a different way.   I am now clear as to the ground of my peace.  But you would make us out-and-out Christians, dead, as you say, to the world and everything.

The truth is, the great body of true sincere Christians are as those without, hoping it will be all right when they get in; instead of being within and showing what is there to the world, as the epistle of Christ.  The new man cannot have his objects here.  We are crucified to the world, and the world to us; and so we have crucified the flesh with its affections and lusts.

But we still have to remember that the flesh lusts against the Spirit, so we need vigilance.  We are told to work out our salvation with fear and trembling (Phil 2:12).   That is not because our place is uncertain, but because God works in us.   It is a serious thing to maintain God’s cause when the flesh is in us.  Satan uses all the resources of the world to hinder and deceive us.  But do not be discouraged, for God works in you; greater is He that is in us than he that is in the world. (1 John 4:4).   The secret is lowliness of heart and the sense of dependence, and looking to Christ with confidence.  He has saved us and called us with a holy calling. You cannot trust yourself too little, and you cannot trust God too much.  The true knowledge of redemption brings us into perfect peace, and a true and constant dependence on the Redeemer.

We have been taught to rely on God’s promises and trust them for our salvation.

Trusting God’s promises is right:  and there are most precious promises too.  But tell me, is it a promise that Christ shall come and die and rise again?

No: He came; He died, and is now risen at God’s right hand.

 So it cannot be a promise, because it is an accomplished fact.

To help us on our journey onward, there are many and cherished promises. “I will never leave thee nor forsake thee.” (Heb 13:5) God… will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able.” (1 Cor 10:13) “ No man is able to pluck them out of my Father’s hand.” (John 10:29) “Who will also confirm you unto the end, that ye may be blameless in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ.” (1 Cor 1:8).  I could cite others.

We know God Himself only through Christ.  If I know Him, I know Him as God our Saviour; as one who has not spared His Son, as one who raised Christ from the dead after He had had taken our sins.  In a word, I not only believe in Christ, but in Him who has given Christ and owned His work; who has given glory to man in Him; as a God who has come to save, not to judge me.   I believe in Him, by Christ.  I know no other God but that.  I do wait for a promise,  the redemption of the body.  That will be the full result of His work.

Christianity gives us a known relationship, in peace and love.  Love is the spring of all. He first loved us.  We find our joy in Him; we love others, as partaking of God’s nature, for Christ is dwelling in our hearts, and love constrains us.

You make a Christian a wonderful person in the world; but we are very weak for such a place.

I could never make him in my words what God has made him in His.   As to weakness, the more we feel it, the better.  Christ’s strength is made perfect in our weakness.