Israel and the Church – Christ’s Heavenly and Earthly Brides

‘After These Things’ 2.5 Israel and the Church – Christ’s Heavenly and Earthly Brides

From our book ‘After These Things – Summaries of John Nelson Darby’s Papers on Prophecy – and more…’ Compiled by Daniel Roberts. For more about this book click on the picture or CLICK HERE

Two brides are presented in scripture:

  1. Christ’s Heavenly Bride – This is the church (or assembly) comprising all saints of the present dispensation. She is ‘of Him, like Him and for Him’.  There will be a marriage in heaven described in Revelation 19:6-10 below.
  2. Christ’s Earthly Bride – Israel in a future day. There is no marriage of this bride presented though it is implied in a ‘a certain king, which made a marriage for his son’ (Matthew 22:2).

2.5 Israel and the Church – Christ’s Heavenly and Earthly Brides

The Current Relationship between Christ and His Church

When is The Marriage of the Lamb?

The Marriage Celebration

The Heavenly Jerusalem as the Bride

Christ’s Earthly Bride

What is the difference between Christ’s heavenly and earthly bride?

Conclusion

 

King James Version Darby Version
And I heard as it were the voice of a great multitude, and as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of mighty thunderings, saying, Alleluia: for the Lord God omnipotent reigneth. Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honour to him: for the marriage of the Lamb is come, and his wife hath made herself ready.  And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the righteousness of saints.  And he saith unto me, Write, Blessed are they which are called unto the marriage supper of the Lamb. And he saith unto me, These are the true sayings of God.

Revelation 19:6-10 (KJV)

And I heard as a voice of a great crowd, and as a voice of many waters, and as a voice of strong thunders, saying, Hallelujah, for the Lord our God the Almighty has taken to himself kingly power. Let us rejoice and exult, and give him glory; for the marriage of the Lamb is come, and his wife has made herself ready.  And it was given to her that she should be clothed in fine linen, bright and pure; for the fine linen is the righteousnesses of the saints.

And he says to me, Write, Blessed are they who are called to the supper of the marriage of the Lamb. And he says to me, These are the true words of God.

Revelation 19:6-10 (Darby)

 

 

This passage describes the marriage.

The Current Relationship between Christ and His Church

The church came into existence when the Holy Spirit filled the 120 or so persons who were gathered in the upper room in Acts 2:2.  The  number soon grew to 5000.   From the start, she was united to Christ, and even at this early date fully capable of fulfilling her function as the wife of Christ.

The epistles often refer to the church as Christ’s body.  The body comprises only those who are alive now, not to all who will form the bride.  Nevertheless, the relationship between Christ and His assembly is clear: ‘For this cause shall a man leave his father and mother, and shall be joined unto his wife, and they two shall be one flesh. This is a great mystery: but I speak concerning Christ and the church’ (Ephesians 5:31-32).

It is not until Revelation that we have the Church described as a bride.  His wife had made herself ready, so she was a wife before she was a bride.  The church is now the wife looking after her Husband’s affairs in His absence.  She is His trustworthy confidante. Although the marriage ceremony has not yet taken place, the relationship already exists.  There is perfect unity between Christ and His church.  Christendom publicly is something else.

When is The Marriage of the Lamb?

Before the marriage celebration of the Lamb, Babylon – the rival – will have been overthrown and judged.  It says, ‘the Lord our God the Almighty has taken to himself kingly power’  (Revelation 19:6 Darby).  He had taken the power, and was about to reign, but He was not actually reigning.  Hence, we can say that this event would take place between the great tribulation and the Millennium

The judgment seat of Christ must precede the marriage.  No doubt ‘his wife hath made herself ready’ (v. 7) would refer in part to that.  What remains is the bride’s bright clothing – the righteousnesses of the saints (v. 8 Darby).  – things that they had done which had met with God’s approval. (Note KJV appears wrong again here – most modern translations (e.g. NIV and ESV) say ‘righteous deeds or acts’, which is correct – Greek δικαιώματα/dikaiōmata/Strong‑1345).  What qualifications the bride has!

The Marriage Celebration

When a couple gets married, the persons will not have been united beforehand (at least if they have been conducting themselves according to God’s explicit ordering).  Traditions might vary, but in any marriage, there is generally a legal act and a celebration.  The bride is the centre of attention, beautifully dressed (hopefully in a comely manner), and looking her best.  A new household is established, the man and the woman having both left their parental homes (see Genesis 2:24).  The fact that the Holy Spirit introduced this concept so early in Genesis shows that the marriage relationship was always in God’s mind and purpose.

From what we have seen, this will be no ordinary marriage.  We might say that the legal side has already taken place.  Now it is time for a celebration of an existing relationship.  Until Satan had been overcome publicly, it was not yet the time for her to be seen publicly in her beautiful radiance

It says, ‘Blessed are they which are called unto the marriage supper of the Lamb.’ (Revelation  19:9).  It has been suggested that Abraham and other Old Testament saints will be there as guests. They are children of the bridechamber, but they are not united to Christ as the church is.[1]

The Heavenly Jerusalem as the Bride

The Bride is described as a city ‘Come hither, I will shew thee the bride, the Lamb’s wife.  And he [the angel] carried me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain, and shewed me that great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God, having the glory of God…’ (Revelation 21:9-11).  However, this will be seen in the Millennium – the bride (or wife) of Christ, already married.

 

Christ’s Earthly Bride

The holy City Jerusalem is, of course, totally different from the millennial Jerusalem on earth, described in Ezekiel 40-44 and many other scriptures.  The city we are referring to will not be physically on the earth – indeed its foundations will be visible. Revelation 21:6 describes the city as a cube 12,000 cubits (approx. 1380 miles or 2200km) in each dimension.

If there is a scripture which brings out the features, beauty and glory of the earthly bride it must be Psalm 45 – ‘Hearken, O daughter, and consider, and incline thine ear; forget also thine own people, and thy father’s house; so shall the king greatly desire thy beauty: for he is thy Lord; and worship thou him… Instead of thy fathers shall be thy children, whom thou mayest make princes in all the earth.  I will make thy name to be remembered in all generations: therefore shall the people praise thee for ever and ever’ (Psalm 45:10-11 and16-17).  A clue must be in verse 16 – ‘princes in all the earth’ – not heaven.  This is what the Lord enjoys here in the Millennium.

What is the difference between Christ’s heavenly and earthly bride?

The following table shows the difference between the two:

 

The Heavenly Bride The Earthly Bride
What The Church or Assembly Israel
Key Scriptures Revelation 19:6-9 Psalm 45
Where In heaven – or at least over the earth On earth (see Ezekiel 40:2)
Jerusalem The holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. (Revelation 21:2) I am returned unto Zion, and will dwell in the midst of Jerusalem: and Jerusalem shall be called a city of truth; and the mountain of the LORD of hosts the holy mountain (Zechariah 8:3)
Relation to Christ She adores her Head She worships her Lord
When formed Starting with the Spirit’s coming, complete at the Rapture Before Christ’s Appearing and during the tribulation

 

Conclusion

We should guard ourselves against applying too much human logic and chronology to these holy matters.   I have not wanted to be technical but have been feeling my way prayerfully through this sacred subject.

But it is a marvellous thing that we are part of this beautiful bride!  Magazines are full of pictures of stunning women – images often enhanced digitally.  No such outward improvement will be necessary for the bride of Christ.  She will be just how Jesus wants it.

And we will be part!

 

[1] See Ministry of James Butler Stoney vol 6 page 116

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Three Judgments

The Judgment Seat of Christ, The Judgment of the Nations, and The Great White Throne

‘After These Things’ Chapter2.4  Three Judgments – The Judgment Seat of Christ, the Judgment of the Nations and the Great White Throne

From our book ‘After These Things – Summaries of John Nelson Darby’s Papers on Prophecy – and more…’ Compiled by Daniel Roberts. For more about this book click on the picture or CLICK HERE

2.4  Three Judgments

There are three distinct occasions of judgment.: The Judgment Seat of Christ, the judgment of the nations (or of the living) and the Great White Throne.

They are at different times, for different subjects with different outcomes.  Christians often confuse these.  One thing is common to all – the Judge is Christ.

The Judgment Seat of Christ

All those who will have been Raptured or raised when the Lord comes to take His own will experience this.  Hopefully, this includes you, dear reader.

Though scripture is not specific as to timing, the judgment seat of Christ will doubtless be the first thing that the believer in Jesus will experience following the Rapture.  It must be between the Rapture and the marriage of the lamb.– maybe as we are changed into our bodies of glory  ‘In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed’ (1 Corinthians  15:52).

It is a great blessing that we shall be with Jesus and have exactly His view on everything in our lifetime.  2 Corinthians  5 tells us, ‘For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ; that every one may receive the things done in his body, according to that he hath done, whether it be good or bad’ (v.10).  The word ‘appear’ in Greek is φανερόω/phaneroó/Strong-5319, meaning, ‘make clear or manifest’.  So it is not like appearing before a court with prosecution and defence.  It is more, seeing everything in our lives, good and bad, just as Jesus saw it.  The thought of a judgment-seat comes from the Greek tradition.  The word used is βῆμα/bēma – a step or foot (up).  A judge or umpire would sit on a raised platform and would adjudicate.  It is like the umpire in a tennis match.

The important thing for us is that the Judge is also our Saviour, and what abounds is mercy.  Our time of responsibility will have finished.  There will be no guilt and no penalty.  Any idea of a period of purgatory is foreign.  Look at it from the Lord’s point of view.  He has finished the work, His church is complete, His bride is ready, He wants the marriage to take place immediately – ‘The marriage of the Lamb is come, and his wife hath made herself ready’ (Revelation 19:7).  We will be able to enjoy the Lord’s presence eternally, and the Lord will enjoy His bride in her perfection.

The only other direct reference to the judgment seat of Christ is in Rom 14:10 ‘But why dost thou judge thy brother? or why dost thou set at nought thy brother? for we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ’.  Here it is a question of judging our brother (or sister). The message here is that we should have good relationships with the Lord and with our brethren now, so that no adjustment will be necessary at the judgement seat.

The following hymn brings the positive aspects of the judgment seat of Christ:

  1. What will it be with God to dwell,
  • And there to gaze on Jesus’ face!
  • To meet the One, we’ve known so well
  • As Priest and Saviour – in that place!
  1. Before Christ’s judgment seat to stand,
  • With Him look back on all the way;
  • To learn the meaning, at His hand,
  • Of every deed in every day!
  1. Clearer than ever shall we see
  • The grace which God our Saviour showed,
  • The love that led so faithfully
  • Along the pathless desert road.
  1. How blessed when this time is o’er,
  • To find that love had all-sufficed,
  • As there upon the heav’nly shore
  • We reach the day of Jesus Christ.

Maria Carlsson-Carrèn (circa 1865-1955)

Little Flock Hymn Book No 299

The Judgment of the Nations

The judgment of the nations (or judgment of the living) is an event that will occur seven years after the Rapture, immediately following Armageddon and the Second Coming of Christ to the earth. As the Lord sets up His earthly kingdom, His first order of business is to judge the nations and eliminate the unsaved from entering the Millennium.

These scriptures are often incorrectly applied to the gospel.   For example, the scripture quoted above in Matthew 25 ref Zephaniah 3:17ers directly to the judgment of those living on the earth – not to the Great White Throne.   The same applies to the scripture in Joel,  ‘Multitudes, multitudes in the valley of decision: for the day of the LORD is near in the valley of decision (Joel 3:14).  Sometimes it is misapplied to our making a decision; sometimes to the Lord judging those who are saved and those who are not.  If we are alive at the Rapture, this judgment does not apply: either we are saved and will be Raptured and have the judgment seat, or we are lost are not raised until after the Millennium and condemned to hell as unbelievers.

At the judgment of the nations (which also includes the Jews), there are four parties:

  • The sheep – the saved or righteous believers
  • The goats – the lost wicked unbelievers
  • The brethren – believing disciples – messengers of the glad tidings
  • The Judge – Christ Himself

People are judged according to how they had received these messengers, whether well or ill, as though it had been done to Himself – see the full passage in Matthew 25:31-46.  They had been predestined but were seen as righteous by God.  Those who despised the testimony and those that bore it had despised the King who sent them; they should go away into everlasting punishment.  The sheep will love and help the brethren because they appreciate the message of the gospel brought to them by the ‘brethren’. The goats, who reject God’s timely message, will show indifference and hatred toward the ‘brethren’.

But for the saved the judgment of the nations will be a wonderful day. Zephaniah 3:17 says, ‘The Lord thy God in the midst of thee is mighty; he will save, he will rejoice over thee with joy; he will rest in love, he will joy over thee with singing.’

In Matthew 25:41,46, we have the awful condemnation of the unsaved. ‘Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, depart from me ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels:’ and ‘…these shall go away into everlasting punishment: but the righteous into life eternal.’  Likewise, in Zephaniah, God intends to assemble the nations, and pour upon them His indignation – a terrible judgment.  ‘Therefore wait ye upon me, saith the Lord, until the day that I rise up to the prey; for my determination is to gather the nations, that I may assemble the kingdoms to pour upon them mine indignation’ (Zephaniah 3:8)

 The Great White Throne

This event is the solemn final judgment.   It will take place after the Millennium. Satan will have been released ‘for a little season’, during which time he will have deceived and gathered the nations against the camp of the saints, only to be devoured by fire from heaven.

Then:

  1. Satan will be cast into the Lake of Fire.
  2. The dead will be judged and condemned,

And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.  And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and there was found no place for them. And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works. And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works. And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death. And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire’ (Revelation 20:10-15).

‘But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone: which is the second death’. (Revelation 21:8).

Earth and heaven flee – the dead have no escape.  They have refused the gospel of the grace of God and are judged in their sins.  Their works, however good cannot save them.  Moreover, they must ‘confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father’ (Phil 2:11).

Need I say more?  May this not be the portion of any reader of this book!  ‘Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved’ (Acts 16:31)

 

 

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The Rapture and the Appearing

‘To the air’ to take the living believers on Him to be with Him, Known as ‘The Rapture’.  To come with His saints to reign over the earth for 1000 years. Known as ‘The Appearing’. 

‘After These Things’ Chapter2.3  The Rapture and the Appearing

From our book ‘After These Things – Summaries of John Nelson Darby’s Papers on Prophecy – and more…’ Compiled by Daniel Roberts. For more about this book click on the picture or CLICK HERE

The following couple of chapters take similar, often confused,  subjects and make the differences clear.

The first concerns the return of the Lord Jesus.  He returns:

  1. To the air’ to take the living believers on Him to be with Him, and to raise the bodies of those who have ‘fallen asleep’. This is known as ‘The Rapture’.  It could happen today.
  2. To come with His saints to reign over the earth for 1000 years. This is known as ‘The Appearing’.  It follows the Great Tribulation and precedes the Millennium.

 

2.3  The Rapture and the Appearing

The Rapture

The Appearing

The Rapture and the Appearing Compared

3 ½ or 7 Years?

The Rapture

The next event for us is the Rapture.  It could be at any time – today even – and applies only to the church.  Because of that, there is no reference to it in the Old Testament.  Indeed, the word does not appear in scripture, the nearest being ‘caught up’ in Greek ἁρπαγησόμεθα /harpagēsometha /Strong-726 in 1 Thessalonians 4:17.

Why is the Rapture so little understood, or even accepted?  This scripture in 1 Thessalonians 14:13-18 is unambiguous: ‘But I would not have you to be ignorant, brethren, concerning them which are asleep, that ye sorrow not, even as others which have no hope.  For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with him. For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that we which are alive and remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not prevent them[1] which are asleep. For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first: then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord. Wherefore comfort one another with these words’.  Look at a few phrases ‘the dead in Christ shall rise first’ – that encompasses all those who have been ransomed by His blood from creation onwards.  Whether we who are alive now will be taken before this, none of us knows.  Paul referred to ‘we, the living’, as if he thought it would be within his lifetime.  Of course, we know it was not, but we should be looking forward to the Lord’s coming – just as Paul was.

Paul also says, ‘we shall ever be with the Lord’ (v.17), and ‘them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with him’.

1 Corinthians  15:51-52 is another scripture which describes the resurrection of the saints and their being changed, which of course takes place at the Rapture: ‘We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed, in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed’.  From this we can deduce that there will be a rallying trumpet, the whole event will be very rapid, and our bodies will be changed.  The latter is also referred to in  Romans 8:23 ‘waiting for the adoption, to wit, the redemption of our body’.

When the Lord was discoursing with his disciples immediately before the crucifixion, He tells them that a place was being prepared. ‘And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you unto myself; that where I am, there ye may be also’ (John 14::3)

Therefore:

  1. The Rapture will be sudden
  2. No one knows when the Rapture will be
  3. The Rapture will be private
  4. At the Rapture, there will be a voice (or trumpet sound) which only Christians will hear
  5. The Rapture the Lord will not come quite to earth – just to the air
  6. The Rapture will affect people, whether taken or left: it does not change the world.
  7. At the Rapture, our bodies will be changed.

The question often arises as to what the effect of the departure of the saints will be.  Suddenly millions of people will just vanish!  Hal Lindsey who awakened many Christians to the Rapture in the 1970’s in a popular book ‘The Late Great Planet Earth[2]’ said there would be confusion.  I doubt it.  Christians who are ‘not of the world’ will not affect it, so they will not be missed.  Paul writes in an update to his previous letter, ‘God shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie’ (2 Thessalonians 2:11).  The Antichrist will conjure up a satisfactory credible explanation.

The Appearing

Now when Jesus comes (the public second coming, ‘the Appearing’, often referred to in scripture, e.g. Titus 2:15 Darby, NIV, ESV etc.) – ‘awaiting the blessed hope and Appearing of the glory of our great God and Saviour Jesus Christ’.  The dead in Christ will be with Him – and so will be those lovers of the Lord who were alive at the Rapture, and,   ‘When Christ who is our life shall appear, then shall ye also appear with him in glory’ (Col 3:4).  The church’s hope and glory is Christ Himself.   Of course, we could not come with Him if we were still on the earth.

The church is heavenly in its calling and belongs to Christ in heaven.  It forms no part of the course of events of the earth.  This makes its Rapture so simple and clear as we see from   Col 3:4), ‘When Christ who is our life shall appear, then shall ye also appear with him in glory.’  The church’s hope and glory is Christ Himself.

We must not confuse the second coming with the Rapture.  At the Rapture, the Lord comes to the atmosphere immediately above the earth.  At the Appearing, He comes to the earth itself.

The Rapture and the Appearing Compared

Here are some differences between the Rapture and the Appearing.

 

Rapture Appearing
No one knows when it will be.  2 Thessalonians 2:3 It will be seven years (arguably 3½) after the Rapture – Matthew 24:36, Daniel  9:27

 

It will be private It will be very public, Matthew 24:27

 

 

 

 

Rapture Appearing
The Lord comes to the air.- 1 Thessalonians 4:17 The Lord comes to the earth – Zechariah 14:4
He comes FOR His saints  -1 Thessalonians 4:17 He comes WITH His saints – Colossians 3:4
It is followed by the great tribulation – Revelation 3:10 It is followed by the Millennium – Revelation 20:6
He is the Bridegroom – Revelation 19:7 He is the King – Revelation 19:6
He is the Morning Star – 2 Peter 1:19 He is the Sun of Righteousness – Malachai 4:2
It is for the Church – 1 Thessalonians 4:15-16 It is for His earthly kingdom – Revelation 11:15
There is little in prophecy – 1 Thessalonians 4, 1 Corinthians  15 etc

 

There is much in prophecy – OT Prophets, Matthew, Mark, Revelation etc
Rapture Appearing
The world will carry on – Matthew 24:37 Christ will reign – Isaiah 32:1
The man of sin will be revealed – 2 Thessalonians 2:3 Satan will be bound – Revelation 20:2
There will be the judgment seat of Christ  -2 Corinthians  5:10 The world will be judged – Revelation 18:10
People will be translated – 1 Corinthians  15:51 People will not be changed – understood]
People will believe a lie  – 2 Thessalonians 2:11 The truth will be acknowledged – Zechariah 12:10

 

After the Rapture, there will be intense persecution of believers on the earth. The Antichrist will rule, initially benevolently with a pact with the Jews.  Then after 3½ years, he will break the pact.  Meanwhile, the church will be enjoying the most beautiful joy – the marriage of the Lamb.

Satan is the author of this confusion.  He does not want Christians to have the anticipation of the Lord’s coming.  And he certainly does not want us to be near Him saying ‘Come Lord Jesus’.

3 ½ or 7 Years?

There is some disagreement amongst students of prophecy as to the length of time between the Rapture and the Appearing.  Most regard the period as seven years, divided into two sub-periods of 3½ years.  A few say that the first 3½ weeks were covered by the Lord’s public ministry, so the two events are 3½ years apart.  This book accepts the first position.

The key to this reasoning is in Daniel 9:24-27: ‘Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy. Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times. And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined. And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.’

 Given that a week is ‘a week of years’, that is seven years we have:

 

  • The whole period is 4×70 = 490 years
  • This is divided into three periods
    • 7 weeks (1-7) Command to Nehemiah to completion of the temple
    • 62 weeks (8-69) Temple to Messiah cut off – the death of Christ (AD29)
    • Destruction of temple (AD70)
    • Church Period (not in the scope of prophecy)
    • 1 Week (70) From covenant made by the Roman Prince till Millennium (Covenant broken in the midst of the week)

The covenant made with the Roman Prince must be after the manifestation of the Antichrist which must be after the Rapture – but it can be a very short time.  From this, it is clear that the period from the Rapture to the appearing must be seven years.

To begin with, J N Darby supported this view.  However later he began to question it.  In a letter to the Bible Treasury, he says he has an open mind as to which of the two positions above was correct.  (See Are there Two Half Weeks in the Apocalypse? – Collected Writings Vol 11 (Prophetic 4) page 168).  The fact is that most of those who looked up to Darby never accepted this view.  Darby was not infallible!

Following Daniel’s chronology, we have:

 

Edict to build temple 12th year of Xerxes[3] 455BC

Seven weeks. 7 x 7 = 49                          406BC

62 weeks. 62 x 7 = 434 -406+434+1                 29AD

The Lord’s crucifixion was                        29AD

The Rapture                                              X AD

The Lord’s Second Coming                       X+7 AD

The one year added was because there was no year zero.

 

 

 

[1] The Darby version reads ‘in no way to anticipate those who have fallen asleep’

[2] Published by Zondervan, 1970 – Available from Amazon and others

[3] The date commonly given for this is B.C. 445 (20th year of Artaxerxes); but Usher (presumably James Ussher – 1650) gave 455, and Hengstenberg and others contend that this is the true date. Hengstenberg shows in his ‘Christology’ how the mistake arose. Vitringa rectified the date, and Krüger, by an independent enquiry, also proved that the old date was wrong. – Morrish Bible Dictionary ‘Seventy Weeks of Daniel’ – https://www.stempublishing.com/dictionary/706_730.html#a4121

 

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The Dispensations

‘After These Things’ Chapter 2.2 The Dispensations

From our book ‘After These Things – Summaries of John Nelson Darby’s Papers on Prophecy – and more…’ Compiled by Daniel Roberts. For more about this book click on the picture or CLICK HERE

 

2.2 The Dispensations

The Word ‘Dispensation’

List of Dispensations – Schofield

List of Dispensations – Savage

 

 

Biblical history is divided by God into dispensations, defined periods or ages to which God has allotted distinctive administrative principles.

J N Darby is sometimes referred to as the ‘father of dispensational theology’.  Although the thought was not new, and it is clear from scripture, there was in his time (and still is) a lot on muddled thinking amongst believers.  Many teach that we are part of a steady continuum, with, for example, the church replacing Israel, that Christ’s kingdom is present and that the interpretation of periods is purely spiritual or figurative – sometimes called ‘covenant theology’.

J N Darby’s teaching, and also that of many servants of the Lord, has been based on the understanding that Biblical history is divided by God into dispensations, defined periods or ages to which God has allotted distinctive administrative principles.  Dispensationalists’ view of history has the glory of God at its centre, whereas traditional teaching focuses on humanity and man’s physical and spiritual needs[1].

The Word ‘Dispensation’

The word, οἰκονομία /oikonomia /Strong 3622 — (Ephesians 1:10), translated ‘dispensation’ there — is a compound word ‘house’ and ‘law – the rules or administration, of a household, as in our word  ’economy’.  In the phrase, ‘dispensational truth,’ it looks at the world as a great household, in which God is dispensing, or administering, according to the rule of His own establishing, and in whose order, He has from time to time introduced changes, the understanding of which is consequently needful, both

List of Dispensations – Schofield

There are several lists of dispensations, and to my knowledge, Darby did not produce a formal list, but the classic view lists the following, each associated with a covenant between God and man.

Generally, the list of dispensations is taken from the explanatory notes in the New Schofield Reference Bible.  Dr Cyrus I Schofield defined a dispensation as ‘a period of time during which man is tested in respect to his obedience to some specific revelation of the will of God[2]

Schofield listed the dispensations as follows:

  1. Innocence– Adam is under probation before the Fall. This dispensation ends with his expulsion from the Garden of Eden. This is designated by the Edenic Covenant (Gen 1:28)
  2. Conscience– From the Fall to the Great Flood. It ended with the worldwide deluge when only eight were saved. (Gen 3:7) – The Adamic covenant – conditions in the life of fallen man.
  3. Human Government– After the Great Flood, men were to execute the death penalty for murder. This dispensation ends with the dispersion at the Tower of Babel. Some use the term Noahide law about this period. (Gen 8:15)
  4. Promise – From Abraham to Moses. Ends with the refusal to enter Canaan and the 40 years of unbelief in the wilderness. Some use the terms Abrahamic law or Abrahamic covenant about this period. (Gen 12:1)
  5. Law– From Moses to the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. Ends with the scattering of Israel in AD70. Some use the term Mosaic law about this period. (Ex 19:1)
  6. Grace– lasts from the cross to the Rapture of the church. The Rapture is followed by the wrath of God comprising the Great Tribulation. Some use the term Age of Grace or the Church Age for this dispensation. (Acts 2:1)
  7. Millennial Kingdom (or Fullness of Times) – The 1000-year reign of Christ on earth centred in Jerusalem. It ends with God’s judgment on the final rebellion, Satan having been released ‘for a short time’. (Revelation 20:4)

List of Dispensations – Savage

John Ashton Savage (1818-1900) wrote a very useful book, ‘The Scroll of Time, or Epochs and Dispensations of Scripture’[3].  It lays out the events systematically and chronologically.  There is no doubt that Savage was greatly influenced by Darby and indeed referred to him extensively.

 

He lists dispensations and epochs are as follows (mainly chapter titles)

 

Dispensation/Epoch Period/Event
Epoch 1 Creation of the World
Dispensation A

 

Creation to the Deluge
Epoch 2 The Deluge
Dispensation B The Deluge to the Call of Abraham
Epoch 3 The Call of Abraham
Dispensation C The Call of Abraham to the Exodus
Epoch 4 The Exodus
Dispensation D The Exodus to the Captivity of the Jews
Epoch 5 The Captivity of the Jews
Dispensation E The Captivity of the Jews to the Birth of Christ
Epoch 6 The Birth of Christ
Ministry of John the Baptist
Life and Ministry of Christ
The Crucifixion and Death of Christ
Dispensation F The Christian and Church Period
The Coming of the Lord for His Saints (First Stage)
Epoch 7 The Rapture and First Resurrection
Dispensation G The Day of Tribulation
Epoch 8 The Coming of the Lord for His Saints (Second Stage) and Judgment of the Nations
Dispensation H The Day of Millennium
Dispensation I Satan released for a little Time
Epoch 9 The last Rebellion and final Battle
Epoch 10 Judgment at the Great White Throne
Dispensation K The new Heaven and new Earth

 

The Millennium is often described as ‘The Day of the Lord’ (Joel 1:15, Amos 5:8, Zephaniah 1:7,14, 1 Corinthians 1:8, 1 Thessalonians 5:2).

 

The Eternal State with the New Heavens and Earth is often described as ‘The Day of God’ (2 Peter 3:12, Revelation 16:14).

 

[1] See ‘Elements of Dispensational Truth Volume 1 by R. A. Huebner, page 3’

[2] Note 3 to Genesis 1:28.  New Schofield Reference Bible page 3.  Bible published by Oxford University Press 1970 edition.

[3] Available from Kingston Bible Trust, Lancing, Sussex

 

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Premillennial Prophecy Clarifications

‘After These Things’ Chapter2.1 – Premillennial Prophecy Clarifications

From our book ‘After These Things – Summaries of John Nelson Darby’s Papers on Prophecy – and more…’ Compiled by Daniel Roberts. For more about this book click on the picture or CLICK HERE

 

This part, entirely written by the author, is consistent with the teaching of     J N Darby as to the events to come, but are designed to give

  1. An overview of prophetic events
  2. An explanation of happenings of similar character (comings, judgments etc) which Christians often confuse.

SECTION 2 – J N DARBY’s PROPHETIC TEACHING

2.1 Introduction

2.2 The Dispensations

2.3  The Rapture and the Appearing

2.4  Three Judgments

2.5 Israel and the Church – Christ’s Heavenly and Earthly Brides 54

 

 

We look at the dispensations, how God has dealt with men at various times.  Darby’s dispensational teaching had a profound effect, especially in evangelical circles

Next, we have the difference between the Rapture – the event immediately before us, which I trust every reader of this book eagerly awaits, and the appearing when He comes with His saints to reign in His millennial kingdom.

We now look at three judgments – a frequent cause of difficulty:

  1. The judgment seat of Christ – when we get the Lord’s view of our lives (I hope we can all include ourselves in this).
  2. The judgment of the nations (or the judgment of the living) – those people on the earth when He comes to reign.
  3. The final judgment of evil – and all who have rejected Jesus – the Great White Throne.

Finally, we look at what applies to Israel and what applies to the Church.

 

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The Prophetic Timeline

‘After These Things’ Chapter 1.3 – The Prophetic Timeline

From our book ‘After These Things – Summaries of John Nelson Darby’s Papers on Prophecy – and more…’ Compiled by Daniel Roberts. For more about this book click on the picture or CLICK HER

Events in Heaven Events on Earth
End of Church Period (now happening)[1]
Prophecy paused since AD29. Daniel 9:24-26, 12:9 Prophecy paused since AD70 Matthew 24:2, 36, Acts 1:7
  Jews returning to Israel in unbelief form a state with political existence.
  Difficult times shall be there – list in 2 Timothy 3:1-7
  The love of the many grows cold Matthew 24:12
  Technology and travel -Many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased. Daniel 12:4
The Lord’s Coming to Rapture His Saints
Saints taken to where we belong. Philippians 3:20-21 The Rapture – saints (OT and Church) caught up to meet the Lord in the air, dead raised, bodies changed – 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18, 1 Corinthians 15:51-52, John 14:3, Philippians 3:30,
Saints of the church with Christ in heaven John 14:3

 

Those left will believe a strong delusion 2 Thessalonians 2:17
First 3 ½ Years (1260 days)
  Twelve tribes brought together – a nation born in a day Isaiah 66:7-8, Ezekiel 36:22-27
The Lamb on the Throne Revelation 4

 

 

Saints on earth warned against being led astray Matthew 24:4-5, Mark 13:5-6. Luke 21:8, 2 Timothy 3:13
The book to be opened Revelation 5 The apostasy comes and the Man of Sin (the Antichrist) revealed

2 Thessalonians 2:3-10, 1 John 4:3 (anticipatively)

  Antichrist makes a seven-year pact with the Jews (broken after 3½ years) Daniel 9:27
  The woman rides the beast. The great harlot, Babylon representing the combined apostate religious system of the West (under Rome) controls the revived federal  Roman Empire – Revelation 17:1-9.  
Seal 1 – White horse The revived Roman Empire dominates the western world Revelation 6:1-2, Daniel 7:19-25
Seal 2 – Red horse Wars, bloodshed, rumours of wars, nation against nation Matthew 24:6-7, Mark 13:7-8.Luke 21:9-10, Revelation 6:3-4, 1 Thessalonians 5:1-3, Haggai 2:22, Jeremiah 25:30-32
Seal 3 – Black horse Earthquake and famine – Matthew 24:7, Mark 13:8, Luke 21:11, Revelation 6:5-6
Seal 4 – Pale horse Pestilence and death – Matthew 24:7, Revelation 6:7-8
Seal 5 – Souls of martyrs under the altar cry Revelation 6:9-11 Saints delivered up, persecuted and martyred in a scene of lawlessness Matthew 10:21-22, 24:10-13, Mark 13:9-13, Luke 21:16-20, John 16:2
  False prophets lead many astray Matthew 24:11, Mark 13:6
Seal 6 – Heaven removed as a book rolled up World trembles – Physical changes. People hide themselves Revelation 6:12-17
  Glad tidings of the kingdom preached in all the world as a testimony to all nations Matthew 24:14
  144,000 sealed (12,000 from each tribe) Revelation 7:1-8
Seal 7 – Silence in heaven – Golden censer Revelation 8:1-5 More thunders and earthquakes
Trumpet 1 Hail and fire mixed with blood Revelation 8:7
Trumpet 2 Burning mountain thrown into the sea Revelation 8:8-9
Trumpet 3 Star falling called wormwood turning waters bitter Revelation 8:10-11
Trumpet 4 Third or Sun, Moon, stars struck Revelation 8:12
Trumpet 5 Star thrown into the abyss, Plague of locusts like scorpions tormenting men Revelation 9:1-11
Trumpet 6 Release of four angels at River Euphrates, 200,000,000-strong cavalry, a plague of horses Revelation 9:13-21
The angel and the little book Revelation 10 Measurement of the temple. Two witnesses are slain and resurrected Revelation 11:1-11

 

  Earthquake – 10% of the city fell killing 7000, remnant give God glory Revelation 11:13
Trumpet 7 Worship in heaven – temple opened, and the ark of covenant seen Revelation 11:15-19 People are commanded to do homage to the image of the beast Revelation 13:15
  The ten horns shall hate the harlot – The federated Roman Empire turns against the religious system. (Revelation 17:16-17)
The woman clothed with the sun in pain to bring forth Revelation 12:1-2 She brings forth a male son – they flee to the wilderness for protection Revelation 12:5-6
War in heaven – Satan (the dragon) cast out Revelation 12:7-9 Satan comes to the earth and persecutes woman and male child Revelation 12:3-4, 12-17

 

 

Second 3 ½ Years (1260 – 1335 days)
  Beast from the sea (The Roman Empire) Revelation 13:1-8
  Beat from the earth (The Antichrist) Revelation 13:9-18
  Beast breaks his covenant with the Jews Daniel 9:27
  Woe on earth, son of desolation Matthew 24:15, Mark 13:14, Luke 21:20, Revelation13, 14:9-10, Daniel 8:11, 11:36-37
  Flight from Jerusalem, the time of Jacob’s trouble.

Matthew 24:16-22, Mark 13:14-20, Luke 21:21-24, Revelation 8:13, 11:16, Jeremiah 30:7

  People saying ‘Lo here, Lo there’ Matthew 24:23-26, Mark 13:21-28
Angel with everlasting gospel Revelation 14:6-7 Proclamation of the everlasting glad tidings  – testimony to Christ’s power Matthew 24:14, Mark 13:10, Revelation 7:1-12,14:6-7 Romans 10:14-18,  Psalm 96:1-13, 98:2, Isaiah 40:9-10
A voice from heaven, harpers and a new song

Revelation 14:1-5

The Lamb and the 144,000 (Jews and Gentiles) on Mt Sion Revelation 14:1-5
Angel announces that Babylon (idolatrous system) had fallen  Revelation 14:8  
Angel announces judgment on those with the mark of the beast Revelation 14:9-12  
Angel with the sharp sickle Revelation 14:14-16 1600 stadia (185/296km miles) of bloodshed Revelation 14:17-20
The song of Moses and the tabernacle of witness opened Revelation 15:1-8  
Vial 1 Ugly and painful sores on those with the mark of the beast Revelation 16:2
Vial 2 The sea turns to blood – everything in the sea dies Revelation 16:3
Vial 3 Fountains of waters become blood, which people drink Revelation 16:4-7
Vial 4 Sun scorches people with fire Revelation 16:8-9
Vial 5

 

(See also Trumpet 4)

Sun fails to give light: darkness Matthew 24:29, Mark 13:24-25, Revelation 6:12, 8:12-13, 16:10-11, Joel 2:10-11, 30-31, Isaiah 24:23, Amos 8:9
Vial 6 The Euphrates dried up –Spirits of devils gather men gathered for battle at Armageddon Revelation 16:12-16
Vial 7 Earthquake flattens mountains and islands disappear (sea level rises?) – the city divided – hail of one talent (75lb/34kg – 16 ins/40cm in diameter)  Revelation 16:17-19
Rejoicing over judgment on the world Revelation 18:20  
Acclamation of glory to the Lord God omnipotent Revelation 19:1-6 People ready to die due to expectations Luke 21:25-36
Marriage supper of the Lamb. Revelation 19:6-10  
Call to the great supper of God Revelation 19:17-18 End of the false religion of Babylon Revelation 17:16 -18:3
  The collapse of the world market Revelation 18:4-19
  Battle of Armageddon (More a campaign of battles from Megiddo to Bozrah – also about 1600 stadia – see above ) Revelation 16:16, 19:19-21
  Satan bound for 1000 years Revelation 19:20, 20:1-3
The Approach of the King of Kings
Jesus comes with the church Matthew 24:27, Jude 1:14, Zechariah 14:4, Colossians 3:4, 1 Timothy 6:14, Titus 2:13 His feet touch the Mount of Olives – ‘coming with great glory’. Matthew 24:27-30 Mark 13:26, 14:62, Luke 17:24, 21:27, Acts 1:11, Psalm 50:3, Daniel 7:13-14, Zechariah,14:4, Colossians 3:4, Revelation 19:11-16
  Gathering of the elect from the four winds – Judah and Israel/ Ephraim joined Matthew 24:31, Mark 13:27, Deuteronomy 30:3, Isaiah 11:36, Ezekiel 34:11-16, 37:14-28 39:25-29
  Christ judges nations (or the judgment of the living) Matthew 25:31-46, Acts 17:31, Psalm 50:4, 96:13, Joel 3:14, Zephaniah 3:8,
  Jews look on ‘Him who they have pierced’ Zechariah 12:10, John 19:37, Revelation 1:7
  The new covenant with Israel Jeremiah 31:28-40
  The Millennium Revelation 20:5-6, 21:9-27, 22:22:1-5, Isaiah 2:4, , 11:6-9, 32:1, Micah 4:7,Habakkuk 2:14, Zechariah 14:9, Psalm 45:3-9, Jeremiah 23:5-8, Romans 11:26
  The Prince and the Temple Ezekiel 40-48 Zechariah 6:11-13,
  Satan loosed for a short time Revelation 20:3
  Satan defeated

Revelation 20:8-10

The End
  Great White Throne Revelation 20:11-15, 21:8
New heaven and new earth Revelation 21:1-8, 2 Peter 3:13 – The Day of God
Christ delivers up the kingdom that God may be all in all 1 Corinthians 15:23-28  

 

[1] Whilst these events have been happening during the last 100 or so years, especially since the establishment of the state of Israel in 1948, they are not preconditions to the Raptur

 

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Chart of the Ages

‘After These Things’ Chapter 1.2 Chart of the Ages

From our book ‘After These Things – Summaries of John Nelson Darby’s Papers on Prophecy – and more…’ Compiled by Daniel Roberts. For more about this book click on the picture or CLICK HERE

 

We all like charts, especially prophetic charts.  So this book has two!

  1. A well-known, public domain chart, often seen as a display in meeting halls published by Gospel Hall Publications. This covers the period from the captivity of Israel to the new heavens and new earth.
  2. The Chart of the ages – a simpler one by my friend Bill Chellberg, and covering eternity to eternity.

Graphics from the former have also been used to illustrate chapters.

 

 

 

 

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Introduction to the Timeline

‘After These Things’ Chapter 1.1 Introduction to the Timeline

From our book ‘After These Things – Summaries of John Nelson Darby’s Papers on Prophecy – and more…’ Compiled by Daniel Roberts. For more about this book click on the picture or CLICK HERE

The present is now; the future starts at the Rapture.

All we can say is that the church is not yet complete – the last soul to be saved has not yet been saved.  Other than this, no further events need to happen before the Rapture.  A brother who helped us much in our area often said, ‘The prophetic clock has stopped’.  He also said that we are not told about the future to satisfy our curiosity, but only things that have a present moral bearing.  Please, dear reader, bear this in mind when reading this book.

Corinthians says ‘Now’:  ‘For he saith, I have heard thee in a time accepted, and in the day of salvation have I succoured thee: behold, now is the accepted time; behold, now is the day of salvation’ (2 Corinthians  6:2) quoting from Isaiah 49:8

Hebrews says ‘Today’:  ‘To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts’ (Hebrews 3:15) quoting from Psalm 95:7

With that in mind, we begin our timeline from the Rapture. 

The period from the Rapture to the Appearing

 

We anticipate two great events

  1. Christ’s coming ‘to the air’ to take the living believers on Him to be with Him, and to raise the bodies of those who have ‘fallen asleep’. This is known as ‘The Rapture’.  It could happen today.

 

  1. To come with His saints to reign over the earth for 1000 years. This is known as ‘The Appearing’.  It follows the Great Tribulation and precedes the Millennium.

Chapter 2.3 contrasts the two.

 

 

 

 

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‘After These Things’ Foreword

Introducing After These Things – Summaries of John Nelson Darby’s Papers on Prophecy – and more.

‘After These Things’ Foreword

Introducing After These Things – Summaries of John Nelson Darby’s Papers on Prophecy – and more.

1.0 Foreword. 1

Introduction to ‘After These Things’ 1

A brief summary of what is to come: 2

This book is in six sections: 2

From our book ‘After These Things – Summaries of John Nelson Darby’s Papers on Prophecy – and more…’ Compiled by Daniel Roberts. For more about this book click on the picture or CLICK HERE

Thank you for purchasing ‘After These Things’.  Doubtless you and I share a common salvation through the blood of our Lord Jesus Christ, and a common certain hope of hearing His voice, and being with Him when He comes with His Church to reign.

So that we can enjoy sharing something very precious, please drop me an email today. I will answer you personally, and occasionally send ‘A Day of Small Things’ emails.

daniel@adayofsmallthings.com

Introduction to ‘After These Things’

The following words come right at the end of the Bible:

‘And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And let him that heareth say, Come. And let him that is athirst come. And whosoever will, let him take the water of life freely… . He which testifieth these things saith, Surely, I come quickly. Amen. Even so, come, Lord Jesus’ (Revelation 22:17-20).

Jesus continues to say, ‘I come quickly’ . This book is for His lovers who respond to Him with the words, ‘Come Lord Jesus’ – hearts which are looking for Him to come NOW.

In the mid 1800’s John Nelson Darby reawakened thousands of Christians as to the Rapture, described clearly in 1 Thessalonians 4 and 1 Corinthians 15.   This gave them a burning desire to hear His call, and to be amongst ‘we the living’ when our Lord Jesus calls His saints on earth to meet Him in the air.  Along with these, there will be millions of sleeping saints whose bodies will be raised and changed.[1]  What a joy it will be to be with Him, forming His Bride, the Church, married to Him in heaven.

A brief summary of what is to come:

It will be an awful time of Satanic deception on earth.  The world will be dominated by the Beast, the Antichrist and the False Prophet. There will be pestilence and wars – the ‘great tribulation’

There will be a faithful ‘Jewish Remnant’, persons from the twelve tribes of Israel, enduring tribulation while standing for, Christ their Messiah, during the period from the ‘Rapture’ to the ‘Appearing’.  After the Antichrist breaks his covenant with the Jews, they will suffer extreme persecution.

World powers will engage in battle, but Christ will return.  All alive and will be judged; Satan will be bound, introducing the 1000-year  benevolent reign of Christ. After the Millennium Satan will be briefly released, gathering the world’s armies to the final war.  The Devil, who was really defeated at the Cross, will be consigned eternally to the lake of fire along with his agents and those not in the ‘Book of Life’.  For the saints, there’s a new heaven and new earth wherein dwells righteousness – the tabernacle of God with men.

That is the future and the theme of this book in a nutshell.

It is not a book on John Nelson Darby’s eschatology.  Darby did not want to create theologians[2] – he wanted us to love Jesus more.

This book is in six sections:

Section 1:  A Prophetic Timeline – from the Rapture to the New Heaven and New Earth

Section 2:  A summary of Darby’s prophetic thought, the dispensations, and the differences as to what applies to the Church, to Israel and the ‘Nations’, the distinction between the Rapture and the Appearing, the Resurrection of the Living and the Resurrection of the Dead,  what proceeds in heaven and what on earth, the judgement seat of Christ and the Great White Throne and the thousand-year Millennium and the eternal state.

Section 3: John Nelson Darby – the man and his ministry

Section 4: Summaries of eleven lectures on the ‘Present Hope of the Church of God’.  J N Darby, Geneva 1840

Section 5 – Summaries of other papers on prophecy by J N Darby, including his Prophetic Map.

Section 6   –        Glossary of prophetic terms, bibliography, and other references.

These summaries have been produced  from the notes of lectures or addresses as we would call them now.  JND would typically end these with an appeal to the conscience or heart.  These are often reproduced verbatim.  After all, Darby wanted us stimulated spiritually, not intellectually.  Indeed, ‘the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy’ (Revelation 19:10) – it is to enhance His glory, not to satisfy our curiosity.

Most of these summaries were initially posted on my website www.adayofsmallthings.com. If you have comments on this book, or on my site,  email me at daniel@adayofsmallthings.com, or use the comments form on my websit

Scriptures Quotations

Scripture quotations are from the 1611 King James Version of the Bible.  Despite its age and often archaic language, it remains the only universally accepted version.  Sometimes, for accuracy, I have used Darby’s translation, (1890 edition), shown as Darby after the reference.  Very occasionally I use the English Standard Version (ESV), a modern language version. Most of my personal comments are footnotes.

This work, dear reader, is committed to God. May I be given diligence, understanding and in humility, serve His Son, under the guidance of the Holy Spirit.

 

Your brother in Christ

Daniel Roberts

November 2020

 

[1] Including Paul, all the Thessalonians, and many before and since.

[2] Darby wrote ‘We must here notice a striking part. The moment one searches the word, it comes out that theology and theologians are worth nothing at all … It is impossible to read the word and to follow, even one moment, the established theological system. Poor theologians!’ (Collected Writings Vol 3  Doctrinal 1 p243).

 

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The New Heaven and New Earth

This is culled directly from the Synopsis on the first part of Rev 21. 

Revelation 21:1-5 gives us the v.9 – ch. 22:4 is the millennial city.

‘After These Things’ Chapter 5.6 The New Heaven and New Earth

From our book ‘After These Things – Summaries of John Nelson Darby’s Papers on Prophecy – and more…’ Compiled by Daniel Roberts. For more about this book click on the picture or CLICK HERE

This is culled directly from the Synopsis on the first part of Rev 21.

Synopsis vol 5 page 420

 

Revelation 21:1-5 gives us the v.9 – ch. 22:4 is the millennial city.

And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea. And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God. And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away’.

 

There was a new heaven and a new earth; but no more sea — no separation, nor part of the world not brought into an ordered earth before God. Here we do not find any mediatorial kingdom. The Lamb is not in the scene. God is all in all. No sorrow or crying more, no earthly people of God distinct from the inhabitants of the earth. These are God’s people, and God is with them Himself, but withal His tabernacle is with them. This is the holy city, New Jerusalem.

 

The assembly has her own character, is the habitation of God in a special way, when the unchanging state comes, and all is made new. God is the end, as the beginning. Him that is athirst now God will refresh with the fountain of the water of life — the overcomer shall inherit all things. The world for the Christian is now a great Rephidim[1].

 

This is the twofold portion of the final blessedness: he shall have God for his God and be His son. Those who feared this path — did not overcome the world and Satan but had walked in iniquity — would have their part in the lake of fire.  This closes the history of God’s ways.

 

 

 

[1] Rephadim was the place of the battle against between the children of Israel and Amalek, shortly after going over the Red Sea.  ‘The LORD hath sworn that the LORD will have war with Amalek from generation to generation’ (Exodus 17:16).

 

 

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